The main ethical principle of nursing is respect for the life, dignity and rights of the patient. The ethical duties of a nurse in the process of working with a patient are a certain range of actions that are unconditional for fulfillment (for example, to respect the patient and his right to self-determination, i.e., to reveal his will for something, not to harm, keep his word, cooperate with the patient).
All patients have the right to have the nurse see in them a person who deserves respect, attention, compassion. Particular attention is paid to the importance of self-determination (autonomy, autonomy) of the patient in the medical process, protected by consent to treatment, which he gives after he receives information about his state of health.
The ethical principle of nursing to bring good to another, an action aimed at the benefit of another person or community, is called benefaction – it is not only benevolence, unselfishness, generosity, but also an understanding of another person, compassion for him, complicity in his destiny. Philosophy, which views man as the highest value and encourages his creative and moral development in a conscious, rational way, is called humanism.
An inseparable quality of a nurse in dealing with any patient is care. The forms of caring depend on the sister, the patient and the situation in which activities to care for the sick. A set of high moral qualities, as well as respect.
These qualities in themselves form in a person dignity. Awareness of self-worth along with conscience and honor is one way of understanding a person’s responsibility before himself as a person. Conscience, in turn, is an internal control mechanism that shows the extent to which a person remains faithful to his moral convictions and to what extent the moral convictions themselves correspond to accepted social patterns.
If the notion of the dignity of the individual proceeds from the principle of the equality of all people morally, then the notion of “honor”, on the contrary, differentiates people, which is reflected in their reputation. Honor requires a person to maintain (justify) the reputation that he himself or the collective to which he belongs. Reputation is formed among others opinion about the moral appearance of a person (team), based on his previous behavior and expressed in recognizing his merit, authority, what is expected of him in the future, what measure of responsibility is assigned to him and how his actions are judged.