It is necessary to convince a patient of a nurse every day, especially if one considers that about half of the patients, according to foreign statistics, do not fulfill medical prescriptions.
Direct, frontal advice, as a rule, causes strong resistance to the patient. It should be noted that obvious resistance is usually not as strong as hidden, when the patient promises to do in words and does not actually do anything.
Better direct advice works indirect methods and techniques of persuasion: “I would in your place, perhaps, would have done so “. The effect of indirect suggestion is due to the fact that it causes minimal resistance of the patient. However, significant information must come from a meaningful person. Therefore, the nurse must become a patient for the patient, that is, Cause confidence in the patient.
Observed actions and experiences of the patient the nurse automatically evaluates in the categories of “good-bad.” This assessment has no benchmark characteristics and is largely determined by the individual ethical views of the nurse. The results of such an assessment will necessarily affect the attitude toward the patient, bring in elements of subjectivity (later on, she begins to look at him through some kind of “psychological glasses”). For example, a nurse hears only irritation and no longer accepts the content of the patient’s words. When a nurse is afraid, feels hurt, offended, her ability to adequately perceive the surrounding, the ability to reason is reduced, the feelings are taken up above the mind. Here there is a danger of replacing the object of observation, i.e. Patient, a kind of phantom, to which the nurse projects his feelings, his subjective experience, his assessments and his own psychological problems. The more positive the attitude of the nurse to the patient, the better it can be understood by the signals coming from him. The presence of the information traps described above makes the work with the patient of a whole team of specialists necessary.
At all times, one of the most attractive and exciting problems was the problem of aging and death. Its biological, humanistic and socio-moral aspects were reflected in the works of many generations of doctors, in the literature of antiquity, the middle Ages and in our time.
The concept of the nature, causes and mechanisms of aging, as well as the average life expectancy, changed over time. They were influenced by the development of science, the changing conditions of life and social structure, the successes of medicine and other advantages of the process of civilization.